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Epididymitis is a medicinal condition linked to the swelling of the Epididymis, a section of the male reproductive organs. The Epididymis is an extended and slender, closely-coiled tube connected to the upper region of each testicle and situated at the back part of the testis that permits storage for sperm development and movement through the efferent-ducts to the sperm duct.

Testicular Epididymitis Testicular Epididymitis
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Testicular Torsion Testicular Torsion
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Testicular Self Exam Testicular Self Exam

Frequently, the reason for pain experienced in the scrotum is caused by epididymitis. This pain can be subtle to extremely painful causing the scrotum to become red, warm and swollen. The inflammation could be the outcome of a Chlamydia infection, a popular STD that transfers from the urinary-tract to the sperm-duct, or bacteria. Persistent pain that last longer than six weeks is diagnosed as chronic and treatment is administered depending on the cause of the epididymitis.

Military men, men between 18-35, and men who wait extended periods to empty their bladders are frequent sufferers of epidymitis. Sexually-active men and homosexuals are especially vulnerable to epididymitis because of STDs such as gonorrhea, Chlamydia, or non-gonococcal arthritis, which is a urethral-infection that is normally sexually transmitted but cannot be recognized.

-Epididymitis Causes

The source of epididymitis varies depending on the person's behavior and age. In children, the cause is usually linked to urinary-tract infections. In young men that are sexually active, it is frequently connected to sexually transmitted diseases. In older men, epididymitis is often attributed to magnification of the prostate gland. In addition, bacterial infections, perhaps proliferated from the rectal region or after a urological check-up, and injuries to the groin area can cause epididymitis as well.

-Epididymitis Symptoms

Tenderness, swelling, and pain in the scrotum that gradually worsens are the most recurrent symptoms linked to epididymitis. Additional symptoms include chills and fever, painful urination, and discharge-from the penis.

-Epididymitis Diagnosis

Diagnosis of epididymitis is determined by the medical history of the individual and a physical examination. Bacterial infections are checked by performing a culture of the discharge-from the penis. Additionally, a urine and urinalysis culture are completed to search for urinary tract infections, while blood test to check for increased white cell count and ultrasounds may be carried out as well.

-Epididymitis Treatment

Usually antibiotics are the main form of treatment for epididymitis. Other treatment measures include adequate bed rest, with the hips elevated and anti-inflammatory drugs. Even though epididymitis can be treated as an out-patient case, if there is severe pain and it continues in spite of continuous treatment, further diagnosis is advised to distinguish the condition from an abscess, testicular torsion, or a testicular infraction.

Arduous activities should be restrained while the condition is still present. This also includes refraining from any sexual activity with another individual if the epididymitis is caused by an STD, or sexually transmitted disease. In addition, it is vital for anyone diagnosed with epididymitis to have their sex partners examined and treated for any probable infection. Surgical measures such as elimination of the infection through a tiny-incision in the scrotum, called an epididymectomy, and a bilateral-vasectomy may be carried out for severe conditions.

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